privilege escalation attack cybrary

Privilege Escalation Attack

Secure your business with CyberHoot Today!!! Sign Up Now Privilege Escalation Attacks are when attackers acquire access to elevated (administrative) rights, or privileges, beyond a simple regular unprivileged user. Privilege …

tornado cash cybrary

Tornado Cash

Secure your business with CyberHoot Today!!! Sign Up Now Tornado Cash is an Ethereum (ETH) mixer protocol that is used to improve transaction privacy by obscuring the on-chain link between the …

remote code execution rce

Remote Code Execution (RCE)

Secure your business with CyberHoot Today!!! Sign Up Now Remote Code Execution (RCE) is an attack that allows hackers to remotely execute malicious code on a computer. The impact of …

wide area network WAN cybrary

Wide Area Network (WAN)

Secure your business with CyberHoot Today!!! Sign Up Now A Wide Area Network (WAN) is a large computer network that connects groups of computers over large distances. WANs are often used …

metropolitan area network MAN cybrary

Metropolitan Area Network (MAN)

Secure your business with CyberHoot Today!!! Sign Up Now A Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) is a computer network that connects computers within a metropolitan area, such as a single large …

local area network LAN cybrary

Local Area Network (LAN)

Secure your business with CyberHoot Today!!! Sign Up Now A Local Area Network (LAN) is a group of devices connected together in one physical location, such as a building, office, …

error detection cybrary

Error Detection

Secure your business with CyberHoot Today!!! Sign Up Now Error Detection in cybersecurity refers to techniques that enable reliable delivery of digital data over unreliable communication channels, protecting the integrity of the data. Many communication …

network interface card nic

Network Interface Card (NIC)

Secure your business with CyberHoot Today!!! Sign Up Now A Network Interface Card (NIC) provides networking capabilities for a computer. It may enable a wired connection (Ethernet) or a wireless connection (Wi-Fi) …

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Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Model

The Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Model is a conceptual model created by the International Organization for Standardization that allows various communication systems to communicate using standard protocols. In simpler terms, …

Layer 2 Network

Layer 2 Networks refers to the second layer of the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Model, which is the data link layer. Layer 2 Network is the link layer (second-lowest layer) …

layer 3 network cybrary

Layer 3 Network

A Layer 3 Network is the third layer of the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Model, or network layer. Layer 3 provides the network’s routing and switching logic that creates network …

pvlan cybrary

Private Virtual Local Area Network (PVLAN)

Private Virtual Local Area Network (PVLAN), also known as port isolation, is a network segmentation technology for layer 2 networks, which allows for separate sub-networks, or private VLANs under the main …

fleeceware cybrary

Fleeceware

Fleeceware is a malicious application that tricks users into paying money for simple apps with functionality that’s readily available for free elsewhere. Fleeceware is successful on Google’s Play Store (rather …

md5 hash

MD5 Hash

An MD5 Hash is a hashing algorithm that is a one-way cryptographic function that accepts a message of any length as input and returns as output a fixed-length digest value …

peer to peer network cybrary

Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Network

Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Networks exist where groups or “peers” of computer systems are linked to each other through the Internet for a common purpose usually with a common application directing their …

torrent cybrary

Torrent

A Torrent is a file type used by the BitTorrent file-sharing protocol. The protocol authorizes and points to a remote server that contains the location of different remote hosts with …

Mean Time To Respond (MTTR)

Mean Time To Respond (MTTR) is the average time required to return a system to operational condition after receiving notification of a failure or cyberattack. MTTR represents the security of …

Mean Time To Detect (MTTD)

Mean Time To Detect (MTTD), also known as Mean Time To Identify (MTTI), is one of the main key performance indicators in Incident Management. MTTD refers to the mean (average) …

periodic backups cybrary

Periodic Backups

For decades now, Periodic Backups have been used to backup and safeguard critical data. Periodic backups are performed on a set schedule, rather than event-driven, such as whenever new data …

backup versioning cybrary

Backup Versioning

Backup Versioning is when a backup solution allows a computer file to exist with several archived versions. Most common backup versioning file systems keep a number of old copies of the …

network attached storage NAS

Network Attached Storage (NAS)

Network Attached Storage (NAS) is high-capacity storage that connects to your home or office network so that you and other trusted users can access your files from mobile devices and …

monero xmr

Monero Coin (XMR)

Monero Coin (XMR) is a cryptocurrency focused on ‘Privacy and Anonymity’. The privacy token runs on its own blockchain, which hides virtually all transaction details. The identity of the sender …

Vulnerability Alert Management Policy (VAMP)

A Vulnerability Alert Management Policy (VAMP) is created within an organization to establish consistent rules for the review, evaluation, application, and verification of system updates to alleviate vulnerabilities in one’s …

Vulnerability Scanning

Vulnerability Scanning is the process of identifying security weaknesses and coding flaws in systems and software running on them. This is a vital component of a vulnerability alert management program, …

hardware security module HSM

Hardware Security Module (HSM)

A Hardware Security Module (HSM) is a physical security device that safeguards and manages digital keys, performs encryption and decryption services, strong authentication, and often have tamper detection and prevention built …

mantrap cybrary

Mantrap

A Mantrap is a small room with an entry door on one wall and an exit door on the opposite wall. One door of a mantrap cannot be unlocked and opened …

out of band OOB

Out-Of-Band (OOB) Patch

An Out-Of-Band (OOB) Patch is a security update released outside of the normal frequency. Typically, Microsoft releases patches on the second Tuesday of each month, called Patch Tuesday. When there …

managed service provider MSP

Managed Service Provider (MSP)

A Managed Service Provider (MSP) is a third-party business that provides network, application, and system management services to companies. MSPs allow businesses without IT expertise to improve their cybersecurity framework …

starlink cybrary

Starlink

Starlink is a satellite Internet constellation constructed by SpaceX to provide satellite Internet access. The constellation will consist of thousands of mass-produced small satellites in low Earth orbit, which communicate …

full disk encryption

Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)

Full-Disk Encryption (FDE) is the encryption of all data on a disk drive. It’s often done by disk encryption software installed on the hard drive during manufacturing. Users who operate …

on access scanning cybrary

On-Access Scanning

On-Access Scanning refers to a security tool configured to deliver real-time scans of each file for malware as the file is downloaded, opened, or executed. Many different vendors offer on-access …

quarantine cybrary

Quarantine

Quarantine in the cybersecurity world happens when files containing malware are placed into isolation for future disinfection or examination. This strategy puts the malware in a specific area of the …

transaction lock payment app

Transaction Lock

A Transaction Lock refers to the step taken by mobile payment app users to secure their accounts and help prevent fraudulent activity. A form of Transaction Lock is commonly seen when …

knowledge based verification

Knowledge-Based Verification (KBV)

Knowledge-Based Verification (KBV) is a strategy used to verify identities based on knowledge of private information associated with the claimed identity. This is often referred to as knowledge-based authentication (KBA) or …

tactics techniques procedures cyber

Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures (TTP)

Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures (TTP) is the method used by IT and military professionals to determine the behavior of a threat actor (hacker). These three elements help you understand your …

stalkerware cybrary

Stalkerware

Stalkerware refers to tools, apps, software programs, and devices that let another person (a stalker) secretly watch and record information on another person’s device. Parents use this type of tool …

Cryptocurrency Wallet

A Cryptocurrency Wallet, also known as a Crypto Coin Wallet, is an application that allows cryptocurrency users to store and retrieve their digital assets. With traditional currency, you don’t need a wallet …

ssid cyber library

Service Set Identifier (SSID)

A Service Set Identifier (SSID) is a series of characters that uniquely names a Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN). An SSID is often referred to as a “network name.” This name …

input validation cybrary

Input Validation

Input Validation, also known as data validation, is the testing of any input (or data) provided by a user or application against expected criteria. Input validation prevents malicious or poorly …

5g network cybrary

5G

5G is the fifth generation of cellular data technology. It lives alongside 4G and related technologies, such as LTE. The first 5G cellular network was constructed in 2018, while 5G …

FBI business email compromise BEC

Business Email Compromise (BEC)

Business Email Compromise (BEC) is when an email account, often in a company’s finance department, is broken into and controlled by a hacker. This is often accomplished through a phishing …

qr code definition cybrary

Quick Response (QR) Code

A Quick Response (QR) Code is a type of barcode that contains a pattern of dots and lines. It can be scanned using a QR scanner or on a smartphone camera. …

nist zero trust image

Zero Trust

Zero Trust is a security strategy focused on the belief that organizations shouldn’t automatically trust anything inside or outside its perimeters and instead must verify anything and everything trying to connect to …

clickjacking cybrary

Clickjacking

Clickjacking, also known as a “UI Redress Attack”, is when an attacker uses multiple transparent or vague layers to trick a user into clicking on a button or link on …

ransomware task force cybrary

Ransomware Task Force (RTF)

The Ransomware Task Force (RTF) is a group of high-profile security vendors who teamed up with the Institute for Security and Technology (IST) in December of 2020 to combat ransomware. Members …

bluetooth bluejacking

Bluejacking

Bluejacking is the unauthorized sending of messages from one Bluetooth device to another. Bluetooth is a high-speed, short-range wireless technology for exchanging data between laptops, smartphones, smartwatches, etc. This sort …

rootkit cybrary

Rootkit

A Rootkit is a hacking program or collection of programs that give a threat actor remote access to and control over a computing device. While there have been legitimate uses …

threat intelligence

Threat Intelligence

Threat Intelligence (TI) is information about current attack tactics and techniques (T&T) used by hackers to breach companies, their networks, and their data. Threat Intelligence collects, compares, and summarizes T&T …