network interface card nic

Network Interface Card (NIC)

Secure your business with CyberHoot Today!!! Sign Up Now A Network Interface Card (NIC) provides networking capabilities for a computer. It may enable a wired connection (Ethernet) or a wireless connection (Wi-Fi) …

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Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Model

The Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Model is a conceptual model created by the International Organization for Standardization that allows various communication systems to communicate using standard protocols. In simpler terms, …

Layer 2 Network

Layer 2 Networks refers to the second layer of the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Model, which is the data link layer. Layer 2 Network is the link layer (second-lowest layer) …

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Layer 3 Network

A Layer 3 Network is the third layer of the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Model, or network layer. Layer 3 provides the network’s routing and switching logic that creates network …

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Private Virtual Local Area Network (PVLAN)

Private Virtual Local Area Network (PVLAN), also known as port isolation, is a network segmentation technology for layer 2 networks, which allows for separate sub-networks, or private VLANs under the main …

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Fleeceware

Fleeceware is a malicious application that tricks users into paying money for simple apps with functionality that’s readily available for free elsewhere. Fleeceware is successful on Google’s Play Store (rather …

md5 hash

MD5 Hash

An MD5 Hash is a hashing algorithm that is a one-way cryptographic function that accepts a message of any length as input and returns as output a fixed-length digest value …

peer to peer network cybrary

Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Network

Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Networks exist where groups or “peers” of computer systems are linked to each other through the Internet for a common purpose usually with a common application directing their …

torrent cybrary

Torrent

A Torrent is a file type used by the BitTorrent file-sharing protocol. The protocol authorizes and points to a remote server that contains the location of different remote hosts with …

Mean Time To Respond (MTTR)

Mean Time To Respond (MTTR) is the average time required to return a system to operational condition after receiving notification of a failure or cyberattack. MTTR represents the security of …

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Periodic Backups

For decades now, Periodic Backups have been used to backup and safeguard critical data. Periodic backups are performed on a set schedule, rather than event-driven, such as whenever new data …

backup versioning cybrary

Backup Versioning

Backup Versioning is when a backup solution allows a computer file to exist with several archived versions. Most common backup versioning file systems keep a number of old copies of the …

network attached storage NAS

Network Attached Storage (NAS)

Network Attached Storage (NAS) is high-capacity storage that connects to your home or office network so that you and other trusted users can access your files from mobile devices and …

Vulnerability Alert Management Policy (VAMP)

A Vulnerability Alert Management Policy (VAMP) is created within an organization to establish consistent rules for the review, evaluation, application, and verification of system updates to alleviate vulnerabilities in one’s …

Vulnerability Scanning

Vulnerability Scanning is the process of identifying security weaknesses and coding flaws in systems and software running on them. This is a vital component of a vulnerability alert management program, …

hardware security module HSM

Hardware Security Module (HSM)

A Hardware Security Module (HSM) is a physical security device that safeguards and manages digital keys, performs encryption and decryption services, strong authentication, and often have tamper detection and prevention built …

mantrap cybrary

Mantrap

A Mantrap is a small room with an entry door on one wall and an exit door on the opposite wall. One door of a mantrap cannot be unlocked and opened …

managed service provider MSP

Managed Service Provider (MSP)

A Managed Service Provider (MSP) is a third-party business that provides network, application, and system management services to companies. MSPs allow businesses without IT expertise to improve their cybersecurity framework …

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Starlink

Starlink is a satellite Internet constellation constructed by SpaceX to provide satellite Internet access. The constellation will consist of thousands of mass-produced small satellites in low Earth orbit, which communicate …

full disk encryption

Full-Disk Encryption (FDE)

Full-Disk Encryption (FDE) is the encryption of all data on a disk drive. It’s often done by disk encryption software installed on the hard drive during manufacturing. Users who operate …

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On-Access Scanning

On-Access Scanning refers to a security tool configured to deliver real-time scans of each file for malware as the file is downloaded, opened, or executed. Many different vendors offer on-access …

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Quarantine

Quarantine in the cybersecurity world happens when files containing malware are placed into isolation for future disinfection or examination. This strategy puts the malware in a specific area of the …

knowledge based verification

Knowledge-Based Verification (KBV)

Knowledge-Based Verification (KBV) is a strategy used to verify identities based on knowledge of private information associated with the claimed identity. This is often referred to as knowledge-based authentication (KBA) or …

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Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures (TTP)

Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures (TTP) is the method used by IT and military professionals to determine the behavior of a threat actor (hacker). These three elements help you understand your …

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Stalkerware

Stalkerware refers to tools, apps, software programs, and devices that let another person (a stalker) secretly watch and record information on another person’s device. Parents use this type of tool …

ssid cyber library

Service Set Identifier (SSID)

A Service Set Identifier (SSID) is a series of characters that uniquely names a Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN). An SSID is often referred to as a “network name.” This name …

input validation cybrary

Input Validation

Input Validation, also known as data validation, is the testing of any input (or data) provided by a user or application against expected criteria. Input validation prevents malicious or poorly …

5g network cybrary

5G

5G is the fifth generation of cellular data technology. It lives alongside 4G and related technologies, such as LTE. The first 5G cellular network was constructed in 2018, while 5G …

qr code definition cybrary

Quick Response (QR) Code

A Quick Response (QR) Code is a type of barcode that contains a pattern of dots and lines. It can be scanned using a QR scanner or on a smartphone camera. …

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Zero Trust

Zero Trust is a security strategy focused on the belief that organizations shouldn’t automatically trust anything inside or outside its perimeters and instead must verify anything and everything trying to connect to …

clickjacking cybrary

Clickjacking

Clickjacking, also known as a “UI Redress Attack”, is when an attacker uses multiple transparent or vague layers to trick a user into clicking on a button or link on …

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Ransomware Task Force (RTF)

The Ransomware Task Force (RTF) is a group of high-profile security vendors who teamed up with the Institute for Security and Technology (IST) in December of 2020 to combat ransomware. Members …

bluetooth bluejacking

Bluejacking

Bluejacking is the unauthorized sending of messages from one Bluetooth device to another. Bluetooth is a high-speed, short-range wireless technology for exchanging data between laptops, smartphones, smartwatches, etc. This sort …

rootkit cybrary

Rootkit

A Rootkit is a hacking program or collection of programs that give a threat actor remote access to and control over a computing device. While there have been legitimate uses …

cyber threat hunting

Threat Hunting

Threat Hunting is proactive hunting or searching through networks, endpoints, and datasets to find malicious, suspicious, or risky activity, patterns, or files that evaded existing detection tools. This is different …

third party risk management

Third-Party Risk Management (TPRM)

Third-Party Risk Management (TPRM) is the process of identifying, assessing, and controlling risks presented throughout the lifecycle of your relationships with third parties. This oftentimes starts during procurement and extends …

byod cybrary

BYOD

BYOD, also known as Bring Your Own Device, is a common practice of allowing employee-owned devices to connect to business networks. Smartphones are the most common example, but employees also …

data purging cybrary

Data Sanitization

Data Sanitization is the process of permanently and irreversibly destroying data on a storage device in a deliberate manner, often for compliance or cybersecurity purposes. After data sanitization, a storage …

aI

Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Artificial Intelligence (AI) refers to human-like intelligence presented by a computer, robot, or other machines. AI mimics human learning by building iterative learning capabilities into a computer.  AI machines learn …

hadoop

Hadoop

Hadoop is a software platform that makes it possible for users to manage large amounts of data. Hadoop processes extensive amounts of structured, semi-structured, and unstructured data. Some examples of data …

user behavior analytics

User Behavior Analytics (UBA)

User Behavior Analytics (UBA) is the tracking, collecting, and assessment of user data and activities using monitoring systems. UBA examine archived data from network and authentication logs collected and stored …

rfc 1918 cybrary term

RFC 1918

RFC 1918, also known as Request for Comment 1918, is the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) record on methods of assigning private IP addresses on TCP/IP networks. RFC 1918 outlines the usable private …

nft cyber term

Non-Fungible Token (NFT)

Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) are unique, easily verifiable digital assets that can represent items such as GIFs, images, videos, music albums, and more. Anything that exists online can be purchased as an …

leakware cybrary

Leakware

Leakware, also known as Doxware, is a new more potent, and dangerous form of ransomware. When a ransomware Attack containing Leakware occurs, the attacker threatens to publicize personal data (confidentiality …

packet cybrary term

Packet

A Packet is the unit of data that is routed between an origin and a destination on the Internet or any other packet-switched network. TCP packets, passed over TCP/IP networks …