Near Field Communications (NFC) is a short-range wireless technology that enables simple and secure communication between electronic devices. It may be used on its own or in combination with other wireless technologies, such as Bluetooth. The communication range of NFC is between 5 and 10 centimeters, allowing devices in close proximity of each other to communicate and share data. This makes NFC ideal for secure transactions, such as contactless payments at a checkout counter. NFC is being used by Android OS devices, allowing them to connect to certain devices very easily, and to transfer data (photos, videos, document, etc) to someone easily. This is very similar to the AirDrop feature on Apple OS devices, where it can transfer data to someone else in the vicinity in seconds by using a combination of Wi-Fi and bluetooth to connect to another Apple OS device. NFC is commonly used in other places as well such as, paying a fare on public transit, checking in and checking out at a hotel, loading information about an artist or piece of art at a museum, or to unlock an NFC-enabled door lock.
Additional Reading: Hackers May Exploit Android NFC Beaming Vulnerability To Deliver Malware
Related Term: Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)